Parkinson’s Disease: A Leaky Gut-Brain Toxicity Syndrome

In the 1800s and early 20th century, physicians observed the phenomenon of Parkinson’s patients improving, sometimes into full remission, when their bowel health was optimized (Parkinson, 1817). 19th century physician Dr. Hermann Senator, a Prussian internal medicine specialist, speculated that latent intestinal bacteria could cause “self-infection” and eventual disease, and Dr. Ludwig Brieger, a German … Continue reading Parkinson’s Disease: A Leaky Gut-Brain Toxicity Syndrome

Caffeine Caution: Reconsidering the World’s Favorite Plant Drug

Since writing my article praising coffee in February during a honeymoon phase, I spent much of this year learning about coffee and caffeine as it exists in reality, and not through a lens of confirmation bias or wishful thinking. Like almost any plant, there are potentially positive benefits, some poisonous and detrimental effects, and some … Continue reading Caffeine Caution: Reconsidering the World’s Favorite Plant Drug