Parkinson’s Disease: A Leaky Gut-Brain Toxicity Syndrome

In the 1800s and early 20th century, physicians observed the phenomenon of Parkinson’s patients improving, sometimes into full remission, when their bowel health was optimized (Parkinson, 1817). 19th century physician Dr. Hermann Senator, a Prussian internal medicine specialist, speculated that latent intestinal bacteria could cause “self-infection” and eventual disease, and Dr. Ludwig Brieger, a German … Continue reading Parkinson’s Disease: A Leaky Gut-Brain Toxicity Syndrome

Self-Reliance in an Authoritarian Culture

Thinking for yourself is a continuous struggle, a quality that must be nourished and championed within the self because we're under constant coercion, even self-coercion that urges us to default to someone else's way of thinking. It's a great relief when we can trust and follow someone's advice because it provides security. Often this can … Continue reading Self-Reliance in an Authoritarian Culture

Shaping our Stances: The Psychology of Opinionated Rigidity

People are usually unwilling to consider another viewpoint’s validity or change their opinion unless they (consciously or not) believe it will benefit them. This usually involves a subconscious prioritization of fallacious shortcuts to reduce cognitive dissonance, ego defense, social circle groupthink and assimilation to maintain short-term harmony, internal and external. If the pursuit of truth … Continue reading Shaping our Stances: The Psychology of Opinionated Rigidity